Convicts, Criminals & Law
AUSTRALIA - CLAIM A CONVICT
The Claim a Convict site allows you to browse by surname or by ship for your convict ancestor and also includes convict related information under the resources heading as well as claiming your lost convict.
AUSTRALIA - COLONIAL SECRETARY'S PAPERS, INDEX 1788 - 1825
The Papers include: petitions by convicts for mitigation of their sentences; requests for permission to marry; memorials attesting to the worthy character of potential settlers; applications for land grants or leases; reports on official visits; information about court cases and lists of assigned servants.
AUSTRALIA - CONVICT FELMALE FACTORIES
Convict Female Factories were developed between 1804 and 1856 for convict women. An estimated 9,000 convict women were in the 13 female factories, in the colonies of NSW and Van Diemen's Land. This spanned a period of 52 years -1804 to 1856.
AUSTRALIA - CONVICT FEMALE FACTORIES RESEARCH ASSOSICATION
There were 13 female factories within Tasmania and NSW - Parramatta (2), Bathurst, Newcastle, Port Macquarie, Moreton Bay (2), Hobart Town, Georgetown, Cascades, Launceston and Ross. The experience in the factories varied according to when the women were in the factory and which factory they were in. The women within these factories produced spun wool and flax.
AUSTRALIA - CONVICT RECORDS OF AUSTRALIA
Convict Records of Australia website allows you to search the British Convict transportation register for convicts transported to Australia from 1787 to 1867. Information available includes name of convict, known aliases, place convicted, port of departure, date of departure, port of arrival, and the source of the data.
AUSTRALIA - CONVICT TRAIL THE GREAT NORTH ROAD
Search the database of Convicts known to have worked on the Great North Road. Search using either a Family Name, or the name of one on the many ships which transported the convicts. For each convict worker in the database a record of the year worked on the Great North Road together with the actual work gang.
AUSTRALIA - CONVICT TRANSPORTATION REGISTERS DATABASE
Search the convict database of over 123,000 convicts of the 160,000 convicts sent to the Australian colonies in the 18th and 19th century on The British Convict transportation registers 1787-1867 database.
AUSTRALIA - CONVICTS TO AUSTRALIA
Most family historians in Australia regard a convict in their ancestry as enormously desirable. "Convicts to Australia" is intended to guide, inform and entertain those just starting the hunt as well as the more experienced researcher.
AUSTRALIA - DEAD PERSON'S SOCIETY - PERTH
The Perth Dead Person's Society provides an excellent on-line data resource. It includes convict, pioneer and cemetery records.
AUSTRALIA - DECISIONS OF THE SUPERIOR COURTS OF NSW, 1788 - 1899
This site was created to publish many of the hidden court records of the superior courts of New South Wales. By superior courts, we mean those of the highest jurisdiction in the colony, including the Court of Criminal Jurisdiction (1788-1824), Court of Civil Jurisdiction (1788-1814), and both courts called the Supreme Court (1815-1824 and 1824 to the present).
AUSTRALIA - FEMALE CONVICTS RESEARCH CENTRE INC.
The Female Convicts Research Centre encourages research into 12,500 female convicts transported to Van Diemens Land now Tasmania from 1803-1853, as punishment for their crimes. The website is free and you need to register to gain acess to their database for the female convicts. There is much more information on the Centre's website and they also have twice-yearly seminars.
AUSTRALIA - FIRST FLEET CONVICT DATABASE
This section contains a searchable database of 780 First Fleet convicts. It does not contain information about the other 200 sailors, marines and officers who sailed with them.
AUSTRALIA - FOUNDERS AND SURVIVORS
This project seeks to record and study the founding population of 70,000 men, women and children who were transported to Tasmania.
AUSTRALIA - FREE SETTLER OR FELON
There are now over 175,000 references to Convicts, Settlers, Townsfolk, Bushrangers, Innkeepers, Soldiers and Land Owners, Medical Practitioners and Magistrates. Use the Search facility to search by First Name, Last Name or Ship.
AUSTRALIA - FREMANTLE PRISON WESTERN AUSTRALIA
This database is searchable by surname or ship. A search returns detailed information on the convict including ship and arrival date, alias, birth date, marital status, occupation, literacy, religion, sentence details, crime and ticket of leave date.
AUSTRALIA - HYDE PARK BARRACKS
The World Heritage listed Hyde Park Barracks is one of the most significant convict sites in the world. Convicts 1819-1847; Sydney's female Immigration Depot 1848-1887; courts and government offices 1887-1979 and Hyde Park Barracks Museum 1979 to present time. The website is informative with information on visiting the Museum, what's on, education and histories of the Hyde Park Barracks from 1819 to today.
AUSTRALIA - IRISH CONVICTS TO NSW 1788-1849
The website belongs to Peter Maybury which has some interesting Irish topics on the home page. The website has databases for searching for your Irish Convict ancestors from 1788-1849, Irish Rebels to NSW 1800-1806 and a database of the ships carrying Convicts to NSW,
AUSTRALIA - IRISH FAMINE MEMORIAL
The site commemorates over 4,000 single young orphan women, most of whom arrived under a special emigration scheme. The Earl Grey Scheme designed to resettle destitute girls from the workhouses of Ireland during the Great Famine. Online Resources include the Famine Orphan Girl database and ships database 1848-1850. There is also a list of the 420 orphan names on the monument.
AUSTRALIA - JUSTICE AND POLICE MUSEUM - SYDNEY
A vast archive of crime scene photography and mug shots reveal more than a century of underworld Sydney. The Justice and Police Museum was originally the Water Police Court (1856), Water Police Station (1858) and Police Court (1886). The museum has been restored to its 1890s character emphasising its themes of crime and punishment and law and order.
AUSTRALIA - NSW - FIRST LEGISLATIVE COUNCIL 1824-1855
The FLC archives contains documents such as tabled papers, SMH Newspaper reports of debates and documents relating to administration of the FLC from 1824-1855
AUSTRALIA - NSW - THE FEMALE FACTORY PARRAMATTA
The Parramatta Female Factory is the largest and oldest surviving convict women’s site in Australia. The female factory was built between 1818 and 1821 and was operated between February 1821 and c1848 as a refuge for women and children, the elderly and sick women; it was a marriage bureau; a place of assignment and moral reform; a penitentiary; a women’s hospital for the convicted as well as for the free; and a workhouse.
AUSTRALIA - NSW - UNFIT FOR PULICATION 1727-1930
Peter Waal webpage covers the NSW Supreme Court, Quarter Sessions and Police Court related to trials in relationship to Bestiality, Sodomy and other related sex offences trials between 1727 and 1930. There is also information on imposing structures, photographs and much more.
AUSTRALIA - PARRAMATTA FEMALE FACTORIES
The Parramatta Female Factories webpage is a part of the Convict Women Research Association and is dedicated into sharing the histories and connections associated with the convict woman who were part of the Parramatta Female Factory.
AUSTRALIA - PARRAMATTA FEMALE FACTORY FRIENDS
The Parramatta Female Factory Friends group are dedicated in protecting , conserving and bringing the Parramatta Female Factory to all Australians through female factory research, tours, talks, education activates and celebrations.
AUSTRALIA - PARRAMATTA FEMALE FACTORY PRECINCT
The historic Parramatta Female Factory Precinct is the location of Australia's first purpose built convict Female Factory and Roman Catholic Orphan School. The Female Factory was proclaimed a Lunatic Asylum in 1847 and now operating as Cumberland Hospital, and the Roman Catholic Orphan School as the Girls Industrial School (Parramatta Girls Home) from 1887 until 1974, and later as Kamballa and the Norma Parker Detention Centre.
AUSTRALIA - PROSECUTION PROJECT
Do you know your family's past? Search the database of Australian criminal trial records from more than 100 years ago!
AUSTRALIA - QUEENSLAND - CHRONOLOGICAL REGISTER OF CONVICTS 1824 - 1839
The register consists of a chronological and alphabetical record of convicts (Crown prisoners) at Moreton Bay penal settlement. It includes convicts' personal details, details of their convictions, as well as their departure from Moreton Bay (return to Sydney or Norfolk Island), discharge, or death.
AUSTRALIA - QUEENSLAND - ST HELENA PRISONERS 1863 - 1936
These indexes record the names of all prisoners who were held at St Helena Penal Establishment. The records were created in part by the Police Department, Water Police 1863-1867 and, HM Penal Establishment, St Helena 1867-1886, and the Brisbane Correctional Centre 1917-1936.
AUSTRALIA - TASMANIA NAME INDEX
Enter a name in the Tasmanian Names Index search box and you will find all kinds of records that you can view including Tasmanian Births (1803-1933), Deaths (1803-1933) and Marriages (1803-1899), Census (1837-1857), Convicts (1803-1893), Arrivals (19th Century), Departures (1817-1867), Inquests (1828-1930) and other related records.
AUSTRALIA - TOCAL HOMESTEAD PATERSON
Tocal Homestead at Paterson extensive site provides detailed information on 150 convicts who were assigned to the Tocal estate in the Hunter Valley of NSW at some stage during their sentence. It also details Tocal's Irish rebels and English rioters plus much more.
AUSTRALIA AND NEW ZEALAND - LAUNCHED INTO ETERNITY
The site is dedicated to executions by hanging for the most part in Australia, New Zealand and also ventures to UK where the Australian Legal System originated from. The site examines the roles of all the players, the Law, the clergy who attend the condemned, the condemned, the executioner, public attitudes to the whole act and the crimes.
ENGLAND - CAUSE PAPERS
A searchable catalogue of more than 14,000 cause papers relating to cases heard between 1300 and 1858 in the Church Courts of the diocese of York. The original records are held in the Borthwick Institute for Archives at the University of York, and are the most extensive records of their type in the United Kingdom.
ENGLAND - ESSEX POLICE MUSEUM
You can search for a police officer’s record using the search form below. The online search results will provide basic details about an individual such as name and dates of service.
ENGLAND - FIND A WILL - GOV.UK
Search for the will or probate of any person in the UK who died between 1858 to present day. Also includes soldier's wills.
ENGLAND - LANCASTER CASTLE CONVICT DATABASE
The people mentioned were tried at the castle and sentenced to various punishments, including fines, imprisonment, Transportation to Australia as well as those who were sentenced to death. Please note that often a sentence of death was recorded but not carried out.
ENGLAND - LONDON LIVES
Learn about the lives of the poor and criminal classes in London in the 18th Century.
ENGLAND - LONDON - OLD BAILEY TRANSCRIPTS
Contains 197,745 criminal trials held at London's central criminal court.
ENGLAND - CANTERBURY PROBATE RECORDS 1396-1858
Canterbury probate records have a searchable database for names within the probate records from 1396-1858. See notes and copies for details on how to view or received copies of the probates.
ENGLAND - REGISTER OF DEEDS - YORKSHIRE
The North Riding of Yorkshire was one of the few areas in England and Wales to introduce and maintain a Register of Deeds. You can search the database on this site using the white search boxes - this will search the transcribed indexes for 1784-90 and 1885-1889 only.
ENGLAND - TRACING LONDON CONVICTS IN BRITAIN AND AUSTRALIA 1780 - 1925
Search millions of records from around 50 databases relating to 90,000 convicts from the Old Bailey.
ENGLAND - VICTORIAN CRIME AND PUNISHMENT
This website is all about Crime and Punishment in the UK in the 19th Century. It has a prisoner database with actual prisoner records and case studies for a more in-depth view of the crimes and trials of some of the inmates.
ENGLAND - YORK ASSIZES
This is an index to records held in York Reference library of prisoners brought to trial at York Assizes in the period 1785 - 1851.
ENGLAND - YORK CASTLE PRISON
Search the database by surname for prisoners of York Castle for murder, horse stealing or hanged. The search results will reveal if they were executed, transported or debtor and to learn more about the webpage read the handy fact sheet that has information that may be helpful in finding related documentation.
IRELAND - AUSTRALIA TRANSPORTATION DATABASE
Search the transportation database for convicts sent to Australia from the National Archives of Ireland.
IRELAND - DOWN COUNTY MUSEUM
Down County Museum has database of prisoners held in Down gaol plus a database of 1300+ convicts from County Down who were transported to New South Wales and Van Diemen's Land.
IRELAND - IRISH CONVICTS TO NSW 1788 -1849
Search the database for details of Irish convicts who were transported to New South Wales in the period 1788 - 1849.
IRELAND - IRISH FAMINE EVICTION
The Irish Famine Eviction project has located over 400 sites of evictions around Ireland during the Great Irish Famine. The project aims to document with evidence of eviction including physical location, landlords, tenant and other information relating to eviction during the famine. A location map on the web page has the locations and details for each site.
IRELAND - REGISTARY OF DEEDS INDEX PROJECT
The Registry of Deeds is a rich source of genealogical information such as records of Wills, land transactions, marriage and other settlements are particularly informative about family relationships. Many memorials involved people of modest means who were merchants and traders who registered deeds to provide some form of security of tenure.
NEW ZEALAND - NEW ZEALAND'S LOST CASES
There are two searchable databases - the Source Database which shows where court records can be found around New Zealand for the period 1840-1883 and the Case Database that provides a record of all cases heard by the Supreme Court and Court of Appeal in the period 1842-1869.
NEW ZEALAND ARCHIVES - PROBATE RECORDS 1843 - 1998
Images and index for probate records from the Archives New Zealand now on family search. The records were created by various courts throughout New Zealand. Although the index will contain entries up through 1998 when all images have been captured, the images for probates issued during the past 50 years are still unavailable for viewing. The original records are located in the New Zealand Archives.
SCOTLAND - INVERARAY JAIL ARGYLL
Inveraray Jail, Argyll, Scotland is one of the finest and best-preserved Jail and Courtroom complexes in the world. Explore this unique collection of historic buildings, brought to life by real characters from the Jail’s past. The Prison Database provides extensive details on those who were transported.
SCOTLAND - SCOTTISH INDEXES
Search large collection of indexes, including prison, court, births, marriages, deaths, census from south of Scotland, mental health and the Quaker records covering all of Scotland.
WORLD - BLACK SHEEP ANCESTORS
Search for your Blacksheep Ancestors in Free Genealogical Prison and Convict Records, Historical Court Records, Executions, Insane Asylum Records and Biographies of Famous Outlaws, Criminals and Pirates in the United States, United Kingdom and Canada.